If you are a business student or someone that follows the commerce stream, chances are that you have studied about the production process and its many aspects. Of course, there are many ways of explaining this, however, the most common method of achieving this is by taking a manufacturing business as an example. The reason is due to the fact that it is easier to understand the process of a tangible product, as opposed to a non-tangible product like a service. Without further ado, here is a simple guide to understanding each process.
The first thing that many manufacturing businesses do is ideate the product. In other words, they try to perfect the product. This often goes through an experimental stage and testing stage. However, this part does not directly fall into the main production process. The reason is because it is not the final product. Therefore, this part is more or less a complementary aspect of the production process that is not necessarily told by your teacher in school or college. Knowing this part, however, will give you a better understanding of the process.
When the product is finalised, then there is the usage of raw materials. Of course, there are several methods of doing this, however, all of them have to be done methodically. In other words, the business has to source these materials in a sustainable manner whereby the process is never compromised. Moreover, they also have to make sure that the cost stays at a minimum. However, if this is done properly, the raw materials used would result in a great output that is of the highest quality. This makes it possible to have a quick and efficient quality control process as well.
The process of manufacturing differs according to the product that is being made. The machine calibration and other things such as labour also play a major role. However, one thing that we know today is the fact that most processes are automated. In other words, they are done using robotic machines instead of labour. The only time where labour is used is when the process requires something crafty. For example, a chronograph or automatic wrist watch requires human hands since they are intricate little pieces. There are also processes that require both man and machine to work in unison.
Output and Distribution
Once the process is done, there is an intense quality control process to make sure that the products fit a certain standard. These standards can be a company based standard or it can be something that is imposed by regulatory bodies like the International Standard Organisation (ISO). When these products undergo the necessary QC, they are boxed, placed in pallets, and wrapped with the pallet wrapping machine for shipping and distribution. It is after this process, that you can go to the store and purchase these products.
There we have it. A simple explanation of how the production process works in a manufacturing business.